Chandra (चन्द्र / "shining" or "moon") is a
Deity and is also one of the nine
planets, Navagrahas (नवग्रह) in Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म).
- In Mythology, a Lunar Deity is a God or Goddess of the Moon (चन्द्र, Chandra), sometimes as a personification.
These Deities can have a variety of functions and traditions depending upon the culture, but they are often related.
Some form of Moon (चन्द्र, Chandra) worship can be found in most ancient religions.
- Navagrahas (नवग्रह) means "Nine Celestial Bodies" in Sanskrit (संस्कृत) and are Nine Astronomical Bodies or Nine Realms or Nine Planets in Hindu and Vedic Astrology (ज्योतिष, Jyotiṣa or Jyotisha / ज्योतिश्या, Jyotishya) as well as Mythical Deities of Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म).
Soma (सोम) connotes the Moon
(चन्द्र, Chandra) as well as a
medicinal deity in post-Vedic Hindu Mythology (पोस्ट-वैदिक) / (1500 - 500 BC).
In Puranic Mythology (पौराणिक), Soma (सोम) is Lunar Deity, but sometimes also used to refer to Vishnu (विष्णु), Shiva (शिव) as Somanatha (सोमनाथाथा), Yama (यामा) and Kubera (कुबेर).
In some Indian texts, Soma (सोम) is a name of an Apsara (अप्सरस्), alternatively it is the name of any medicinal concoction, or rice-water gruel, or heaven and sky, as well as the name of certain places of pilgrimage.
Other names of Chandra (चन्द्र) include: Indu (इंदु / "bright drop"), Atrisuta (एट्रिसुता / "son of Atri"), Sachin (सचिन / "marked by hare"), Tārādhipa (तारादिपा / "Lord of stars") and Nishakara (निशाकर / "the night maker").
- Vedic Mythology (वैदिक) refers to the mythological aspects of the historical Vedic Religion (वैदिक) and Vedic Literature (वैदिक), alluded to in the hymns of the Rigveda (ऋग्वेद).
The central myth at the base of Vedic ritual (वैदिक), surrounds Indra (इन्द्र) who, inebriated with Soma (सोम), slays the Dragon Vritra (विट्रा), freeing the Rivers, the Cows and Dawn.
- Indra (इन्द्र) is a Vedic Deity (वैदिक) in Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म), a Guardian Deity in Buddhism (बौद्ध धर्म), and the King of the Highest Heaven called Saudharmakalpa (सौधरमकलप) in Jainism.
- The Rigveda (ऋग्वेद) is an Ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit Hymns (वैदिक संस्कृत भजन) along with associated commentaries on liturgy, ritual and mystical exegesis.
It is one of the four sacred canonical texts (श्रुति, Śruti) of Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म) known as the Vedas (वेद).
- The Vedas (वेद / "Knowledge") are a large body of religious texts originating in Ancient India.
Composed in Vedic Sanskrit (वैदिक संस्कृत), the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit Literature (संस्कृत) and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म).
Hindus consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya (अपौरुषेय), which means "not of a man, superhuman" and "impersonal, authorless".
- Puranic Mythology (पुराणक) refers to the mythological aspects of
the Puranas (पुराण).
- Puranas (पुराण / "ancient, old") is a vast genre of Indian Literature about a wide range of topics, particularly myths, legends and other traditional lore.
- Vishnu (विष्णु) is one of the Principal Deities of Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म), and the Supreme Being or Absolute Truth in its Vaishnavism Tradition (वैष्णववाद).
Vishnu (विष्णु) is the "preserver" in the Hindu triad, Trimurti (त्रिमूर्ति) that includes Brahma (ब्रह्मा) and Shiva (शिव).
- The Trimūrti (त्रिमूर्ति / "three forms") is the Triple Deity of Supreme Divinity in Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म).
- Brahma (ब्रह्मा) is the Creator God in Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म).
He is also known as Svayambhu (स्वयम्भू / "self-born") or the creative aspect of Vishnu (विष्णु), Vāgīśa (वगिसा / "Lord of Speech"), and the creator of the four Vedas (वेद), one from each of his mouths.
- Vaishnavism (वैष्णववाद) is one of the major Hindu denominations and it considers Vishnu (विष्णु) as the Supreme Lord.
- Shiva (शिव / "the auspicious one") also known as Mahadeva (महादेवा / "the great God") is one of the Principal Deities of Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म).
He is one of the supreme beings within Shaivism (शैव संप्रदाय), one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म).
- Yama (यामा) or Yamarāja (यामारजा) is a God of Death, of the South Direction, and of the Underworld, belonging to an early stratum of Rigvedic Hindu Deities (ऋग्वेदिक).
- Kubera (कुबेर) also known as Kuvera (कुवेरा), Kuber (कुबेर) or Kuberan (कुबेरन), is the Lord of Wealth and the God-King of the semi-divine Yakshas (अक्षय / a broad class of Nature-Spirits) in Hindu Mythology.
- Apsara (अप्सरस्) is a type of female spirit of the clouds and waters in Hindu and Buddhist Culture.
They figure prominently in the sculpture, dance, literature and painting of many South Asian and Southeast Asian Cultures.
Chandra (चन्द्र) is described as young and beautiful, two-armed
and carrying a club and a lotus.
In Hindu Mythology, there are multiple legends
surrounding Chandra (चन्द्र).
In one, Chandra (चन्द्र) met Tara (तारा), the wife of Brihaspati (बृहस्पति / planet Jupiter) and abducted her.
From their union, Tara (तारा) became pregnant, giving birth to Budha (बुध / planet Mercury).
Brihaspati, being upset, declared a war but the Devas (देव) intervened and Tara (तारा) was returned to Brihaspati (बृहस्पति).
Budha's (बुध) son was Pururavas (पुरूरवस्) who established the Chandravanshi Dynasty (चंद्रवंशी राजवंश).
After Tara (तारा) returned to her husband Brihaspati (बृहस्पति), Chandra (चन्द्र) had an emotional breakdown because he couldn't satisfy his feelings by having infinite children with Tara (तारा) and so He (Mind) was overcomed by lust (Emotions).
He pursued Daksha's 27 daughters to get married to curb his ever-growing desires for sexual union.
Among all of his 27 wives, Rohini (रोहिणी) is the most favoured.
The 26 other wives became upset (after knowing that चन्द्र, Chandra spent more time with Rohini alone) and complained to Daksha who placed a curse on Chandra (चन्द्र).
The curse was overcome only after Chandra (चन्द्र) devoted himself to Shiva (शिव), who partially released him from the curse.
- Tārā (तारा) or Tārakā (तारका) is the Hindu Goddess of felicity and sanguineness.
Taraka is also the second consort of Hindu God Brihaspati (बृहस्पति), God of planet Jupiter.
According to the Puranas (पुराण), Tara (तारा) sired or mothered a child named Budha (बुध / God of planet Mercury) through Chandra (चन्द्र / सोम, Soma).
- Bṛhaspati (बृहस्पति / Brihaspati) is an Indian name, and refers to different mythical figures depending on the age of the text.
In ancient Hindu Literature, Brihaspati (बृहस्पति) is a Vedic era sage (वैदिक), who counsels the Gods, while in some Medieval texts the word refers to the largest planet Jupiter.
- Budha Graha (बुध) is a Sanskrit word (संस्कृत) that connotes the planet Mercury.
Budha (बुध), in Puranic Hindu Mythology (पौराणिक) / (4rth Century), is also a Deity.
- Deva (देव / "heavenly, divine, anything of excellence") is also one of the terms for a Deity in Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म).
Deva (देव) is a masculine term; the feminine equivalent is Devī (देवी).
In the earliest Vedic Literature (वैदिक), all supernatural beings are called Devas (देव) and Asuras (असुर).
In the Puranas (पुराण) and the Itihasas of Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म), the Devas (देव) represent the good, and the Asuras (असुर) the bad.
In some Medieval Indian Literature, Devas (देव) are also referred to as Suras and contrasted with their equally powerful but malevolent half-brothers, referred to as the Asuras (असुर).
- Itihasa (इटीहासा / "history") consists of the Mahabharata (महाभारतम्) and the Ramayana (रामायणम्) - sometimes the Puranas (पुराण) too, are included.
The Mahabharata (महाभारतम्, Mahābhārata) and the Ramayana (रामायणम्, Rāmāyaṇam) are the two major Sanskrit epics (संस्कृत) of Ancient India (originated: 8th and 9th Centuries BCE / dated: early Gupta period, c. 4th century CE).
- Purūravas (पुरूरवस्) was the first king of the Aila Dynasty (ऐला राजवंश / Lunar Dynasty) or the Candravaṃśa (कैंद्रावमसा) / Chandravanshi Dynasty (चंद्रवंशी राजवंश) or the Somavaṃśa that was is one of the principal houses of the Kshatriya Varna (क्षत्रिय वार्ना / "rule, authority" "social orders") or Warrior-Ruling caste (associated with warriorhood).
This legendary dynasty was said to be descended from moon-related deities (Soma or Chandra).
- Dakṣa (दक्ष / "able, dexterous, or honest one") is one of the sons of Lord Brahma (ब्रह्मा), who, after creating the Ten Manas Putras (मानस पुत्र), created Daksha (दक्ष), Dharma (धर्म), Kamadeva and Agni from his right thumb, chest, heart and eyebrows respectively.
Dakṣa (दक्ष) was a great Brahmin King.
- Manas Putras (मानस पुत्र / "mind-born son" or "mind-son") are the ten sons of God Brahma (ब्रह्मा), created from his mind.
These Rishis (ऋषि / Enlightened Persons) or sages were also known as Prajapati (प्रजापति / "lords of creation and protectors").
According to the Bhagavata Purana (भागवतपुराण / one of हिंदू धर्म, Hinduism's eighteen great पुराण, Puranas), their names are: Angiras (अङ्गिरस् / "sage"), Atri (अत्रि), Pulastya (पुलस्त्य), Marichi (ऋषि मरीचि / "ray of light"), Pulaha (पुलाहा), Kratu (क्रतु / "strength"), Bhrigu (ब्रिगु), Vashistha (वशिष्ठ), Daksha (दक्ष) and Narada (नारद).
- Dharmathakur (धर्मठाकुर) also called Dharma Thakur (धर्म ठाकुर), Dharmaraj (धर्मराज) or simply Dharma (धर्म) is a Hindu God, worshipped by villagers in the traditional Rarh Region (राधा, Rāḍha) in the present day, Indian state of West Bengal (पशिम बंगा, Paschim Banga) as one of their special village Gods (ग्रामदेवता, Gramadevata).
- Kamadeva (कामदेव), Kāma (काम) or Manmatha (मैनाथा) is the Hindu God of human love or desire, often portrayed along with his female counterpart, Rati (रति).
- Agni (अग्नि) is a Sanskrit word (संस्कृत) meaning "Fire", and connotes the Vedic Fire God of Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म).
- Rohini (रोहिणी /"the red one") is a name of Aldebaran (the giant star about 65 light-years from the Sun in the Zodiac Constellation Taurus).
Also known as brāhmī (ब्राह्मी).
According to another legend, Ganesha (गणेश) was returning home on his mount Krauncha (क्रानचा)
late on a Full Moon night (पूर्णिमा) after a mighty feast given by Kubera (कुबेर).
On the journey back, a snake crossed their path and frightened by it, his mount ran away dislodging Ganesha (गणेश) in the process.
An overstuffed Ganesha (गणेश) fell to the ground on his stomach, vomiting out all the Modaks (मोडक) he had eaten.
On observing this, Chandra (चन्द्र) laughed at Ganesha (गणेश).
Ganesha (गणेश) lost his temper and broke off one of his tusks and flung it straight at the moon, hurting him, and cursed him so that he would never be whole again.
- Ganesha (गणेश), also known as Ganapati and Vinayaka, is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon.
- Kubera (कुबेर) also known as Kuvera, Kuber or Kuberan, is the god of wealth and the god-king of the semi-divine Yakshas in Hindu culture.
- Modak (मोडक) is an Indian sweet dumpling dish popular in many Indian states and cultures.