Astrology remains an important facet of folk belief in the contemporary lives of many Hindus.

In Hindu culture, newborns are traditionally named based on their jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, Jyotisha / ज्योतिश्या, Jyotishya) charts.
- Jyotisha or Jyotishya (ज्योतिष, ज्योतिश्या / "light, heavenly body") is the traditional Hindu system of Astrology, also known as Hindu Astrology (हिंदू ज्योतिष) or Vedic Astrology (वैदिक ज्योतिष).

Furthermore, astrological concepts are pervasive in the organization of the calendar and holidays, and in making major decisions such as those about marriage, opening a new business, or moving into a new home.

Many Hindus believe that Heavenly Bodies, including the Planets, have an influence throughout the life of a human being, and these planetary influences are the "Fruit of Karma" (कर्म फल).
Karma (कर्म) means action, work or deed.
It also refers to the spiritual principle of cause and effect where intent and actions of an individual (cause) influence the future of that individual (effect) .

Good intent and good deeds contribute to good Karma (कर्म) and happier Rebirths (पुनर्जन्म / Punarjanma), while bad intent and bad deeds contribute to bad Karma (कर्म) and bad Rebirths (पुनर्जन्म / Punarjanma).

The philosophy of Karma (कर्म) is closely associated with the idea of Rebirth (पुनर्जन्म / Punarjanma) in many schools of Indian religions (particularly Hinduism / हिंदू धर्म, Buddhism / बौद्ध धर्म, Jainism / जैन धर्म and Sikhism / सिख धर्म) as well as Taoism (道教).
In these schools, Karma (कर्म) in the present affects one's future in the current life, as well as the nature and quality of future lives - one's Saṃsāra (संसार / "wandering" or "world" / It also refers to the concept of Rebirth, पुनर्जन्म and "cyclicality of all life, matter, existence", a fundamental assumption of most Indian Religions / It is the cycle of Death, मौत and Rebirth, पुनर्जन्म / Saṃsāra, संसार is sometimes referred to with terms or phrases such as: transmigration, karmic cycle, reincarnation, and "cycle of aimless drifting, wandering or mundane existence").

The relationship of cause and effect, and indirectly the moral consequence of the law of Karma (कर्म) in the context of Christian Teaching, we could say that has been formulated in the letter of Apostle Paul to Galatians, where it is noted:

"Do not be deceived: God cannot be mocked. Whatever a man sows, he will reap in return."
("Μὴ πλανᾶσθε, Θεὸς οὐ μυκτηρίζεται· ὃ γὰρ ἐὰν σπείρῃ ἄνθρωπος, τοῦτο καὶ θερίσει")
To Galatians 6:7 (Προς Γαλάτες 6:7)

Christianity offers people the opportunity to be cleansed of sins, thus to be free from their Karma (कर्म), if they accept that Jesus Christ with his Crucifixion paid off the sins of the World:

"Otherwise, He would have needed to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now once at the consummation of the ages He has been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.
And inasmuch as it is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment,so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him."
("Επεὶ ἔδει αὐτὸν πολλάκις παθεῖν ἀπὸ καταβολῆς κόσμου· νῦν δὲ ἅπαξ ἐπὶ συντελείᾳ τῶν αἰώνων εἰς ἀθέτησιν ἁμαρτίας διὰ τῆς θυσίας αὐτοῦ πεφανέρωται. καὶ καθ' ὅσον ἀπόκειται τοῖς ἀνθρώποις ἅπαξ ἀποθανεῖν, μετὰ δὲ τοῦτο κρίσις, οὕτω καὶ ὁ Χριστός, ἅπαξ προσενεχθεὶς εἰς τὸ πολλῶν ἀνενεγκεῖν ἁμαρτίας, ἐκ δευτέρου χωρὶς ἁμαρτίας ὀφθήσεται τοῖς αὐτὸν ἀπεκδεχομένοις εἰς σωτηρία.")
To Hebrews 9:26,27,28 (προς Εβραίους 9:26,27,28)

The Navagrahas  (नवग्रह, 9 Astral Bodies or 9 Realms or 9 planets in Hindu and Vedic Astrology / 9 Mythical Deities of Hinduism) are considered subordinate to Ishvara (ईश्वर, the Hindu concept of a Supreme Being) in the administration of justice.

Thus, it is believed that these planets can influence earthly life.

Astrology retains a position among the sciences in modern India.

Following a judgement of the Andhra Pradesh (आंध्र प्रदेश) High Court in 2001, which favoured astrology, some Indian Universities now offer advanced degrees in Hindu Astrology (हिंदू ज्योतिष), despite protest from the scientific community.
Astrology is rejected as pseudoscience by the scientific community, but the government did not agree.

In 2004, the Supreme Court dismissed the petition, concluding that the teaching of Astrology did not qualify as the promotion of Religion.

In February 2011, the Bombay (बंबई / Mumbai or Bombay) High Court referred to the 2004 Supreme Court ruling when it dismissed a case which had challenged Astrology's status as a science.

As of now, despite continuing complaints by scientists, astrology continues to be taught at various universities in India, and there is a movement in progress to establish a National Vedic University to teach Astrology together with the study of Tantra (तन्त्र), Mantra (मन्त्र) and Yoga (योग).