SUMMER SOLSTICE 2021
JUNE 21 2021
04:24' AM (GMT)
calculation of the year is based on the annual orbit of the Earth around the
This orbit creates the successive alternation of the seasons and has four defining points: the Spring Equinox (March 20 or 21), the Summer Solstice (June 20 or 21), the Autumn Equinox (September 22 or 23) and the Winter Solstice (December 21 or 22).
These dates apply to the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa for the Southern.
Every year on June 20 or 21 (June 21, 2021), the Sun is at the highest point of the sky, in the Northern Hemisphere.
Thus, there is the longest day of the year for the Northern Hemisphere (Summer Solstice) and vice versa the shortest day for the Southern Hemisphere.
For the Northern Hemisphere it is the official beginning of Summer and for the Southern Hemisphere of Winter.
Summer Solstice Day has been celebrated since ancient times in Europe, with honors to the illuminator and life-giving Sun.
Modern pagans especially honor the Summer Solstice, focusing on the megalithic monument of Stonehenge in England.
In Greece it is combined with the "Fires of Aigianni" ("Φωτιές του Αϊγιαννιού") and the "Klidonas" ( "Κλήδονας"), two customs that take place on the eve of the Birthday of John the Baptist (June 24).
- The "Fires of Aigianni", are usually lit at crossroads in neighborhoods, with a competitive mood, as each neighborhood wants to present the biggest fire.
Flammable useless objects of the house and necessarily the May wreath, are thrown in it.
Young and old jump over the fire, making a wish for good health and freedom from evil.
- "Klidonas" (klidon / κληδών = omen) is a divinatory act, performed in order to reveal, especially to girls, their destiny or luck.
Necessary ingredients, a pitcher with "unspeakable" water, a fruit or some personal small object of a girl.
China, the traditional Lunar Calendar divides the year into 24 Solar Seasons.
The Summer Solstice (夏至, Xiàzhì / Shiatzi) is the 10th Solar Season of the year, which begins on June 21 of this year and ends on July 5.
The Summer Solstice was an important festival in Ancient China.
Already from the Han Dynasty (漢朝 / 260 BC - 220 AD), the Summer Solstice was celebrated every year.
To celebrate it, the women presented colored fans and small scented pouches to each other.
Mojiang (墨江), an autonomous county of the Hani (哈尼) Nation, in the province of Yunnan (雲南) in Southwest China, is located on the North Tropic.
Every year, on the day of the Summer Solstice, the Sun is just above the Tropic of Cancer and returns from North to South.
This is how the amazing phenomenon appears where the shadows are not visible.