It is located at the Bay of Bengal (वङ्गोपसागर, Vangopasagara, "Bengal's Bay" / वङ्गसागर, Vangasagara, "Bengal Sea" / पूर्वपयोधि, Purvapayodhi, "Eastern Ocean" / ancient: महोदधि, Mahodadhi, "Great Water Receptacle"), in Eastern India.
Orissa (उड़ीसा, ओडिसा / ओड़िशा, Odisha) has 485 kilometres of coastline along the Bay of Bengal (वङ्गोपसागर, Vangopasagara), from Balasore (बालासोर / बालेश्वर, Baleshwar) to Ganjam (गंजाम).
It is surrounded by the states of West Bengal (पश्चिम बंगाल, Paschim Banga) to the North-east, Jharkhand (झारखण्ड) to the North, Chhattisgarh (छत्तीसगढ़) to the West and North-west, and Andhra Pradesh (आन्ध्र प्रदेश) to the South.
Bhubaneswar (भुवनेश्वर) is the capital of Orissa (उड़ीसा, ओडिसा / ओड़िशा, Odisha) and Odia (ओडिआ) is the official and most widely spoken language.
The ancient kingdom of Kalinga (कलिंग), which in 261 BCE, was invaded by the Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka (अशोक / c. 304 BCE-232 BCE) - (मौर्य राजवंश, Jambudvīpa, Pṛthvī / Maurya Empire / 322 BCE-185 BCE) resulting in the Kalinga War (कलिंग युद्ध / c. 262 BCE), coincides with the borders of modern-day Orissa (उड़ीसा, ओडिसा / ओड़िशा, Odisha).
Their metal is covered in silk threads and they are decorated with various energy stones.
They are scented with Imperial Sandalwood (शाही चंदन) and several varieties of Sandalwood (चंदन, Chandan / Santalum Album), used in religious rituals for protection against evil.
- In Hinduism (हिंदू धर्म) and Ayuverda (आयुर्वेदः, Ayur venta), all varieties of Sandalwood (चंदन, Chandan/ Santalum Album) are used as sacred ingredients in Hindu (हिंदू) and Vedic (वैदिक) practices.